History has given us a lot. In which we’ve had something very good, very bad. Where history has made us proud of our stories. There are a few stories that have remained unsuspecting in our hearts. History has saved similar stories in its Anchal. The speed of the blood flowing in the arteries becomes much faster when heard. This event was one of the most devastating wars fought in the 18th century of Panipat’s third war. The war in which thousands of Warriors were formed in the 1st day of the period.
According to legend, Panipat was one of the five cities established by the Pandav brothers at the time of Mahabharata, its historical name is Panprasth. Panipat is witness to three major battles in Indian history.
Panipat is a city on Haryana which is famous for its three historical wars of Panipat war. The three wars of Panipat were built because of the rise of two major empires of Indian history – the Mughal; Empire and the British Empire, which commanded a large part of India for two hundred years. One simple thing in these three wars was that the Indian parties were disappointed, whether they were Hindus or Muslims.
The three important wars in the history of North India were fought in a flat field suited to the horsemen of Panipat located 80 km north of Delhi. Which is as follows:
- First War of Panipat (April 21, 1526 AD),
- Second War of Panipat (November 5, 1556),
- Third War of Panipat (January 14, 1761).
First War of Panipat
This was the first war of Panipat. This war was probably an expression of Babar’s ambitious plans. The war was fought between Sultan Ebrahim Lodi (Afghan) and Babar of Delhi. On April 12, 1526, the two armies were confronted in the Panipat plains, but the war between the two began on April 21. It is believed that the war was decided by noon. Abraham Lodi was badly defeated in the war.
Second War of Panipat
The second battle of Panipat took place on November 5, 1556, between the deserving Hindu general and minister Hemu and Akbar of Afghan emperor Adilshah Sur, who had found his father Humayun from Delhi. Hemu had a larger army and 1,500 elephants than Akbar.
The Third War of Panipat
The third battle of Panipat took place on January 14, 1761, between Afghan invader Ahmadshah Abdali and the custodian and assistant Marathas of Mughal emperor Shahalam II. In this battle, Maratha Senapati Sadashiv Rao Bhau Afghan general Abdali was beaten in the battle. The Nawab of Awadh, Shujadaula, and Ruhala Sardar Najeeb Khan were accompanying Abdali. Abdali defeated the Maratha forces decisively after the Ghamasan war. Sadashiv Rao Bhau, the promising young son of Peshwa and many Maratha warlords found a heroic momentum on the battlefield. The defeat was a huge setback to the state power of the Marathas. Six months after the war, the Fractal Peshwa Balajirao died.
The main reason for the defeat of Marathas was the diplomatic failure of Sadashiv Rao and his weak generality as compared to Abdali. After the third war of Panipat, Najibudaula ruled Delhi as a representative of Ahmadshah Abdali.